Cloud

TechnologyOne released a significant study into the economics of Cloud computing and SaaS, which has significant insights - and implications - for Australian organisations. Deemed ‘too big to ignore’, the study details the costs and benefits of IaaS and SaaS adoption by industry sectors and provides IT strategists with realistic benchmarks. After the success of this report, IBRS advisor Dr Joseph Sweeney was invited to join InnovationAus.com on The Pause Breakfast to discuss Software-as-a-Service and the next phase of economic transformation.

For anyone interested in the role of technology and information management in shaping the full potential of organisations across all sectors, look no further.

 

 

 

The Latest

12 April 2022: Low-code enterprise software developer OutSystems announced Integration Builder’s (IB) support for Generic PostgreSQL version 13, Aurora PostgreSQL version 12, as well as non-relational database MongoDB. Prior to the announcement, OutSystems only supported a limited number of platforms including MySQL, Oracle, Azure SQL and SQL Server. With more connection options for infrastructure servers, users can now better develop applications where data resides in Cloud-based, high-capacity, elastic databases.

Why it’s Important
As low-code plays an increasing role in application delivery, the adoption of open-source databases will become increasingly common for several reasons. First, it opens up low-code applications to existing solutions as well as allowing existing applications built upon these databases to be extended by low-code developers. Second, it has the potential to reduce the overall cost of low-code architecture. Finally, the inclusion of elastic databases allows low-code to be used for massive scale data applications.

Therefore, for organisations that are considering purchasing a new low-code platform with connected services from different sources, look into how the vendor caters to the evolving hyperscale Cloud computing market to support the scalability and high-performance needs of clients. As previously noted by IBRS, the most successful ones will require minimal changes in enterprises' existing SQL Server application code, speed of migration, and ease of switching to other tools post-migration.

Who’s impacted

  • CTO
  • Development team leads
  • Business analysts
  • Low-code centre of excellence

What’s Next?

Review the low-code spectrum to determine which types of low-code capabilities your organisation needs in the near and midterm, and which are most likely to be needed in the longer-term.
In addition, it is imperative to assess risks associated with adopting a new operating model and platform before investing in any low-code platform.

 

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. Considerations for Selecting Modern Low-Code Platforms
  2. VENDORiQ: AWS Babelfish Brings PostgreSQL to its Hyperscale Database

The Latest

5 April 2022: Amazon Web Services (AWS) launched AWS Billing Conductor for customisation of Cloud cost reporting and more accurate monthly billing data. Organisations can now organise accounts into billing groups, apply specific pricing packages, assess and edit pro forma expenses and reports, and compare rates between those applied to groups and current AWS rates.

Why it’s Important

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted 92 per cent of organisations to exceed their Cloud spend forecasts in the last 12 months, according to a recent report. As a result, many ICT groups are being asked to justify their increasing spend on Cloud services to optimise the enterprise’s purchase decisions.

Although Cloud can reduce overall costs in some areas of ICT's business as usual (BAU) expenditure (operational costs that are part of standard daily work), the increase in demand for computing and storage generally makes it appear that promised costs of savings from Cloud are not materialising. By allocating costs to specific business units’ consumption, deployment projects, use cases and new digital transformation initiatives, enterprises can identify which efforts drive the most Cloud spend. This goes a long way to clarifying why Cloud investments are worthwhile (or not, as the case may be).

Therefore, it is no longer sufficient to consider Cloud budgets as simply part of BAU, nor treated in the same way software costs have been treated in the past. These old approaches will mean that justifying Cloud spend will only ever be short-lived.

Cloud cost management tools that enable not just Cloud cost identification, but also allocation back to business benefits will be vital for identifying profitable technologies and projects within the Cloud. While there are other third party solutions in this space (such as VMWare’s CloudHealth, Cloudability and Densify), the AWS Billing Conductor will assist mid-sized organisations who cannot afford such services, or lack the skills needed to implement Cloud spend budgeting with better accuracy.

Who’s impacted

  • CMO
  • Development team leads
  • Business analysts

What’s Next?

IBRS has observed that many less mature organisations have a ‘sprawl’ of Cloud services that need to first be identified and then reined in, before cost optimisation products can be fully effective. Therefore, consider how Cloud business cases and ongoing budgets need to be communicated, and to whom, within your organisation. In addition, look into how you can set up a billing responsibility model and cost dashboard, designed for cost efficiency. Ideally, decisions around this should be made by the Cloud centre of excellence.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. VENDORiQ: Aussie Cloud-cost Specialist GorillaStack Expands What it Watches
  2. Cloud Financial Management is Optimised with Cloud Certified Partners
  3. How to get on top of Cloud billing

The Latest

18 November 2021: AWS recently announced the launch of AWS Skill Builder, a digital learning platform which provides free Cloud computing skills training globally. It currently has over 500 free, on-demand courses - including nearly 60 new Cloud computing classes added this year. 

This expands AWS’s free access Cloud skills training programs in the region, in addition to last year’s launch of the AWS re/Start program - a free, 12-week full-time skills training program that prepares the unemployed, and underemployed, for careers in Cloud computing. Training is done in partnership with Indigenous training companies Goanna Solutions, Academy IT, and FDM in Australia and Te Pūkenga, the largest tertiary education provider in New Zealand. 

In addition, AWS is collaborating with local institutions such as The University of NSW’s (UNSW) CyberSECurity Education Network (SECedu) to teach both professional and practical cyber security skills in response to the growing demand for Cloud-oriented security skills.

Why it’s Important

Cloud skills are in hot demand, with competition for talent driving up salaries. 

Furthermore, IBRS has noted a growing dissatisfaction in paid programs for Cloud training and certification, though this is more a matter of perceived quality of delivery than concerns over the material in the training programs. Tech training is a booming industry right now, and the quality of independent training suppliers is mixed.

Therefore, it is no surprise that there is some scepticism about the quality and effectiveness of free Cloud professional training. If the paid programs are struggling to get it right, how will free programs deliver?

IBRS believes that scepticism is healthy. However, after a review of the AWS strategy and offerings, IBRS has concluded the program is robust and addresses some of the most critical skills gaps organisations are facing with Cloud migrations. Rather than treating these programs as ‘free’ organisations should be evaluating the available programs and building them into their internal skills development initiatives.  

AWS’s Skill Builder initiative is based on the concept of micro-credentials (small, granular certifications) which make it relatively easy to insert into organisations' existing skills development programs.

Reviewing and inserting Cloud training programs (from any of the major hyperscale Cloud vendors) into an organisation's internal skills development program is where the tight training budget can be spent effectively.

Who’s Impacted

  • Educational policymakers
  • CIOs
  • Educational ICT strategy leads 
  • Principals and senior leadership of higher education institutions
  • Digital workspace teams

What’s Next?

Adoption of Cloud computing across multiple industries is predicted to spawn a huge number of new roles over the next decade. Organisations should consider supporting a workforce education program. Their investment in digital skills training will not only help organisations achieve their digital transformation goals but also improve employee retention.

Related IBRS Advisory

The Latest

17 November 2021: Google announced that it has launched a second zone in Sydney for Bare Metal Solution (BMS). Google BMS now has a global presence in 13 regions.

Why it’s Important

With Oracle pushing hard for organisations to move their legacy applications and workloads into its next-generation Oracle Cloud, Google is attempting to swoop in with BMS as a less costly alternative that promises to run Oracle workloads with less than 2ms to Google Cloud. 

Google BMS leverages Google Cloud Platform (GCP) services, including BigQuery and CloudSQL for database operations. This may be a draw for organisations looking to reduce their dependency on Oracle, or exit Oracle altogether and switch to a managed database service. It is a potential stepping stone to open-standards-based databases. 

Oracle’s user based licensing approach is oftentimes seen as complicated and treacherous. Google BMS uses a simpler subscription pricing model without upfront costs. Most importantly, Google BMS also offers license portability. You can bring your own license (BYOL) from Oracle and run it on Google BMS. It has been reported to IBRS that this can avoid Oracle’s early contract cancellation costs that run between 30-50% of its original contract value.

On the surface, Google BMS appears to be an economical alternative to Oracle Cloud. However, there are certain considerations such as server sizing and configuration, OS and chipset upgrades, and possible database upgrades that could make the move to Google BMS turn out to be more complex.

It is also possible that Oracle, like Microsoft, will alter its licensing terms to block migrating on-prem licensing to hyper-scale Cloud. 

Who’s Impacted

  • CIO
  • CFO
  • ICT strategy leads
  • Infrastructure architects

What’s Next?

Before moving to Google BMS, consider the additional complexity involved. Specialised skills are needed in order to deploy Oracle on Google BMS. Migration to Oracle Cloud, in contrast, is reported as being a relatively smooth process. Oracle Cloud also includes automated database tuning administration. In short, you need to consider the costs associated with having trained staff to monitor your Oracle database on Google BMS, which could result in higher overheads.  It is not just about the cost of the Cloud. But if the goal is to migrate from Oracle over time, Google BMS is attractive from a cost perspective.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. AWS Babelfish Brings PostgreSQL to its Hyperscale Database
  2. Google Next: Data - PostgreSQL Spanning the Globe
  3. Google introduces Database Migration Service

The Latest

16 November 2021: Oracle recently launched the Oracle Industries Innovation Lab as part of its commitment to supporting the 2021 UN Climate Change Conference’s (COP26) climate goal of lowering global temperature by 1.5 degrees. The facility, located in Reading, UK, is set to open in the spring of 2022 and will become a sustainable town centre dedicated to creating solutions to fight against climate change. It will feature wind turbines, electric vehicles and a simulated train station with a railcar made from repurposed materials. Oracle’s first innovation lab was built in Chicago in 2018 to host tools and technology for testing in simulated worksite environments.  

Why it’s Important

Other new tech initiatives that were introduced during the conference include:

  • Salesforce announced its US$300 million investment in reforestation and ecosystem restoration over the next ten years. It will donate technology through its nonprofit program and commit 2.5 million volunteer hours to organisations that work on climate change initiatives.
  • Amazon pledged US$2 billion to transform inadequate food systems and restore landscapes. Its aviation unit, Amazon Air, which operates exclusively to cater to the business’s cargo operations, also vowed to use sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) together with other major US airlines.
  • Rolls Royce secured the backing of the British government to develop the country’s first small modular nuclear reactor to deploy low carbon energy and replace its aging nuclear plants.

In 2008, an IBRS study found that the majority (25% rating it as a high priority, 59% rating it as somewhat of a priority) of ANZ organisations had a strong mandate for the executive to reduce the environmental impact of IT. However, interest in sustainable computing has plummeted year on year, and by 2019, less than 5% of CIOs rated sustainable ICT as a high priority. 

Recent climate events, and shifting public opinions are now seeing the trend reverse sharply. Initial data from a 2020-2021 study (not yet complete) suggests that once again most private and public organisations are joining the call for immediate action on climate change, with 24% of respondents stating it is a high priority.

All hyperscale Cloud vendors are promoting their carbon footprint and energy consumption credentials.. 

CIOs should expect increased demand to balance success in terms of investment returns and the impact on the environment, especially when pledging their support for man-made carbon capture innovations. Transparency and clarity through specifics in planning and execution of net zero transitions are the keys to speeding up the progress of such initiatives.

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • CFO
  • Data centre leads
  • Infrastructure architects

What’s Next?

CIOs must revisit their Green IT strategies and consider revising areas that do not meet proactive and incremental operational eco-efficiencies as well as cleaner processes. This includes focusing on infrastructure efficiencies and implementing energy management that takes action out of boardroom discussions and into actual practice.

In addition, more gains will be realised in the coming years through cleantech, with Cloud computing being a major contributor to carbon emission reductions, as we concluded in our 2021 study. CIOs must consider benefits such as this when designing their Green IT strategy.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. VENDORiQ: Cloud Vendors will Push New Wave of Sustainable ICT Strategies
  2. Building your Green IT strategy
  3. VENDORiQ: More Evidence for Cloud Leading Sustainable ICT Charge

The Latest

22 October 2021: Google’s latest digital solutions, product features and partnerships were unveiled at Google Cloud Next ’21. In this three-day event, Google and Alphabet chief Sundar Pichai and Google Cloud CEO Thomas Kurian led the keynote sessions on Google Cloud’s improved customer ecosystem and security capabilities.

Possibly the most significant announcement at the event was around Google Distributed Cloud. The Google Distributed Cloud (GDC) platform allows deployment of Cloud-native architecture to private data centres. GDC Edge provides capabilities to run applications at the ‘far edge’ of organisations - IoT devices, AI enabled devices, and so on - via low-latency LTE, radio access network (RAN) networks, and newer 5G Core network technology.

Google Distributed Cloud does not require enterprises to connect to Google Cloud when using their APIs or managing network infrastructure. This is important for organisations (e.g. public sector, finance, health) needing to retain on-premises deployment for tighter control over security and compliance.

Why it’s Important

With GDC, all the top three hyperscale Cloud vendors now have options to run applications developed for public Cloud across private and semi-private infrastructure. Furthermore, all three vendors have approaches to ‘edge’ computing. This is a natural evolution of the operational practices, automation and management software, software defined networking and hyper-converged infrastructure (HCI) that sees the Cloud seeping back into all areas of ICT. As this trend continues, and the lines between where ‘Cloud infrastructure’ sits, organisations will need to make decisions on the key automation and management platforms they will adopt across Clouds.

More organisations have started looking for better solutions to place their Cloud resources anywhere and in any geolocation. This offers considerable reductions in latency by eliminating the distance between users and their content to ensure highly available data while keeping costs low.

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • Development team leads
  • Business analysts

What’s Next?

All the hyperscale Cloud vendors are offering this type of flexibility and they are strongly expected to improve over time. It will further drive hyper converged infrastructure (HCI) investments driven by the demand for cost-effective scalable storage with strong durability and availability guarantee.

Related IBRS Advisory

The Latest

22 October 2021: At Google Cloud Next ’21, Google announced the general availability of a PostgreSQL interface to its hyperscale, global spanning Spanner relational database. In short, this means that organisations that have applications that are compatible with PostgreSQL can now migrate to a highly elastic database that is significantly less costly, more robust than running PostgreSQL instances on virtual machines.

Why it’s Important

Google’s highly scalable Cloud relational Spanner database provides high-velocity transactions, strong consistency, and horizontal partitioning across global deployments. Like other specialised, serverless Cloud databases, Spanner previously required legacy (on-premises) applications’ data access layers to be reworked. 

The addition of a PostgreSQL interface greatly reduces development teams’ workload for migrating applications to Spanner. This has several knock-on impacts when migrating applications to the Cloud, including: 

  • reducing training  / new skills development, and allowing existing skills to be fully leveraged
  • reducing the vector for new bugs to be introduced
  • simplifies testing

Overall, this significantly lowers the cost and risk of moving an app to the Cloud. 

As always, the devil is in the detail. Cloud Spanner Product Manager, Justin Makeig posted that the platform does not yet have universal compatibility for all PostgreSQL features, since the company’s goal was to focus on portability and familiarity. However, IBRS has determined that even with the current level of functionality, the PostgreSQL interface for Spanner presents good value for teams looking to migrate legacy applications to the Cloud.

Google is not the only hyperscale Cloud vendor that has enabled this type of operability. However, Cloud Spanner is more economical than competitive hyperscale Cloud database products at this time.

Who’s impacted

  • Development team leads
  • Cloud architecture teams

What’s Next?

Google announced that it is planning to expand its Spanner integration to additional database standards. Data portability and migration of legacy applications to hyperscale Cloud is now a focus for many ICT groups. The availability of open standard SQL interfaces to database PaaS (platform-as-a-Service)  is expected to be a trend for application and data migration, especially where the applications are complex.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. VENDORiQ: Google introduces Database Migration Service
  2. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) Part 5: Will automation of S/4HANA data migration make modernisation

The Latest

22 September 2021: Six months after GorillaStack has released capabilities to monitor and apply rules to any AWS events, it has added similar functionality to Azure. The new service enables greater governance and automation of Azure. The new Azure service focuses on identifying when bad changes - particularly those that may impact security - occur.

Why it’s Important


As previously discussed, Aussie born GorillaStack is one of the earliest vendors to address the complexities of Cloud cost management.

Since its inception, GorillaStack has evolved into a more expansive Cloud monitoring service, with a growing focus on security and compliance. In March 2021, GorillaStack announced real-time event monitoring for AWS. With this announcement, it expands the monitoring of events to Azure, and confirms IBRS analysis that Cloud cost optimisation and security compliance go hand-in-hand. In short, enforcing configurations for security follows the same processes and uses common architectures as enforcing financial governance within Cloud infrastructure. 

Who’s Impacted

  • CIO
  • CISCO
  • Cloud teams 

What’s Next?


When reviewing solutions for Cloud cost optimisation through compliance, consider the extent to which the service can also assist with tightening up security. Conversely, when looking at tools to help enforce Cloud security compliance, consider how these may also be used to manage costs.

Related IBRS Advisory

According to a landmark economic analysis from IBRS and Insight Economics, Australia’s Federal and State government sector could unlock an $62 billion ‘digital dividend’ by replacing old technology with Cloud-based Software as a Service systems (SaaS). 

In their report, “The Economic Impact of Software-as-a-Service”, IBRS and Insight Economics set out to analyse, for the first time, the savings from modernising IT systems across a range of industries including government, education, health & aged care and financial services.

Full Story.

The Latest

27 August 2021: Security flaw hunters at Wiz were able to obtain the security keys that control access to Microsoft’s Azure Cosmos DB, and demonstrate that it was possible to access customers’ Azure Cosmos DB.  

Why it’s Important.

This flaw is especially worrying, because all Cloud vendors and many independent security advisors, including IBRS, have been advocating that Cloud security is generally of a far higher standard than that achieved by most in-house data centre teams. IBRS stands by this claim. But this does not mean Cloud vendors will not make security mistakes. And when they do, they will impact large numbers of organisations.

There is no evidence that this security flaw - likely an operational oversight - has been exploited. Once it was identified by Wiz (on the 9th August) and flagged with Microsoft (on the 12th August), the existing keys were quickly re-secured. Unfortunately, the keys in question are fundamental security assets that Microsoft cannot change. Therefore, Microsoft emailed the customers (on the 26th Aug) requesting they create new keys, just in case the previous keys had fallen into the hands of bad actors. It is estimated that 3300 customers have been impacted. 

To mitigate this issue, Microsoft advises Cosmos DB customers to regenerate their Cosmos DB primary keys immediately.

Unfortunately, just because there is no evidence the flaw had been leveraged, organisations should assume the worst. It is well publicised that state-actors hoard such flaws for intelligence gathering. In this case, paranoia may be justified.

More importantly, the situation highlights the need to take a multi-level approach to security in the Cloud. Relying on security protocols to secure an essential asset places organisations at greater risk of these hyper-scale security flaws.  

For example, in this situation, organisations that have behavioural/usage pattern analytics monitoring the database would likely have been altered should any bad actor start to access the database, and remedial action would be triggered. Furthermore, data from such monitoring could be used to determine the likelihood that the security flaw had been exploited - something few Azure Cosmos DB customers can confirm at the moment. 

Another example is using encryption services, these services should be leveraged extensively. Assume data assets will leak and repositories (including databases) will be breached, base encryption strategies on the sensitivity of the data. 

A migration to the Cloud can often improve the security stance of an organisation, but only if security is treated as a multifaceted, ‘trust nothing’ (akin to zero trust) philosophy is taken.

Who’s impacted

  • CISO and security teams
  • Cloud architects
  • Cloud migration teams

What’s Next?

  • If you are an Azure Cosmos DB client or have instances in development teams, immediately regenerate the primary keys for these databases.
  • Review your Cloud solution designs - including those of ‘lift and shift’ of legacy systems - to identify where single points of security failure could occur. Consider remediation strategies using multi-facilitated security services risks. Such effort needs to be balanced against business risk and information sensitivity. 

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. Cloud Security Considerations – Lessons from the Frontline
  2. CyberArk launches AI-powered service to remove excessive Cloud permissions
  3. New generation IT service management tools Part 2: Multi-Cloud management

The Latest

12 August 2021: TechnologyOne released a significant report based on a six-month long study into the economics of Cloud computing and SaaS among Australian organisations.  

The study, which was independently conducted by IBRS and Insight Economics, explored the tangible costs associated with migrating to the Cloud, with both IaaS and SaaS journeys investigated. An economic analysis of the data collected through 67 in-depth case studies with CIOs and C-suite executives, additional interviews, and over 400 respondents, revealed a $224bn economic dividend for the Australian economy, prompting TechnologyOne to term the report "too big to ignore".

Why it’s Important.

While the report is aimed at policymakers and strategies looking at the macro-economic impact of technology, it also details the costs and benefits of Cloud adoption by industry sectors, providing IT strategists with realistic benchmarks. 

When developing the methodology for the report, IBRS and Insight Economics took a ‘no free lunches’ approach to data collection. Unlike other reports on the benefits of Cloud migration, the study took into account the costs of, and time needed for transition, including training, change management, skills (and skill shortages) and the fact that many organisations will need to retain on-premise environments to support legacy and home-grown applications for years to come. In addition, only productivity benefits that had been measured were included in the analysis. 

As a result of the evidence-only approach to the study, the ‘direct returns’ on Cloud migration detailed in the report are both far lower and far more realistic than those found in studies conducted in the USA and Europe.

The report may be accessed here: https://toobigtoignore.com.au/

Who’s impacted

  • CEO, COO, CFO, CIO
  • Cloud migration teams

What’s Next?

The conservative approach to the study, the rich data collected, means that organisations still struggling to make a business case for SaaS have practical benchmarks and economic modelling to call upon.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. The economic impact of software as a service in Australia
  2. Get board agreement to the Cloud strategy

The Latest

28 July 2021: During Inspire, Microsoft unveiled Windows 365, which it positions as a Cloud desktop service. IBRS views Windows 365 as an evolution of existing virtual desktop solutions. 

In addition, Windows Virtual Desktop services have been rebranded as Azure Desktop Services. With this rebranding, Microsoft also introduced a number of enhancements, including closer integration with Azure Active Directory (AAD) and Endpoint-Manager, with the ability to deploy applications across both physical devices and Cloud-based desktops based on roles. 

Windows 365 is built on top of Azure Virtual Desktop service. The difference between Windows 365 and Azure Desktop Services is that Windows 365 has more automated, easier deployment and administration options. It is well suited to organisations with minimal VDI specialisation and more akin to a ‘fully managed virtual desktop environment’.  

In contrast, Azure Desktop Services is better suited to larger organisations that have a need for a high level of customisation. It is more akin to a virtualised Citrix farm.

Why it’s Important.

In 2019, Microsoft quietly changed the licensing conditions for running virtual servers in the Cloud, which hindered VMware’s ability to migrate VDI (among other services) to hyper-scale Cloud services. Since then, IBRS has had reports of efforts to migrate VDI into the Cloud stifled by rights, with Microsoft partners steering organisations to an ‘all-in Azure’ approach.

The introduction of Windows 365 and the rebranding of Azure Virtual Desktop certainly fits a strategy of selecting alternative virtual desktop environments less compelling. 

This is not to say that Microsoft’s VDI capabilities are not solid offerings. Windows 365 certainly addresses a problem in the Australian market, where fully managed VDI has suffered greatly from vendors under-scoping the resources needed to run a client's environment in order to come in at the lowest possible cost. Autoscaling in the Windows 365 environment largely eliminates this issue. The level of automation is also impressive, as is an application cook

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • Development team leads
  • Business analysts

What’s Next?

Windows 365 is a viable option for specific use VDI cases, and it may be considered against traditional fully managed desktop vendor solutions. However, it may not be cost-effective at scale. Solutions from AWS, VMWare and Google should also be examined, though it is important to consider the total cost of operation of this type of VDI, not just the licensing / service costs. Be sure to factor in human resources for administration, application compatibility testing and packaging (which are significant hidden costs and often overlooked, as well as help desk and support.

In addition, if staying within the Microsoft stack, Azure Desktop Services can provide a more flexible and scalable solution. Again, be sure to factor in the total cost of operation.

Overlooked by many discussions of Cloud VDI is the rise of Cloud application virtualisation services from the likes of Cameyo. Rather than presenting an entire desktop, these services only stream a configured application, either in a manner that makes it appear as a native application or within a web browser. Such an approach is significantly lower cost than traditional VDI. When considering a new virtual environment for your workers, both VDI and Virtual Application Delivery (VAD) options should be considered.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. Should You Outsource Your Virtual Desktop Infrastructure?
  2. When to Consider Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
  3. VDI trends for 2021–2025
  4. End-user computing managed services: 3 initial things to consider for the RFP
  5. SNAPSHOT: Workforce Transformation beyond Mobility and Digital Workspaces
  6. IBRS Compass: Beyond the Desktop: Creating a Digital Workspace Strategy for Business Transformation

According to a new analysis from IBRS, Australia could reap a $224bn dividend by fast-tracking investments in digital transformation – and grow the economy by 1.3 per cent, more than six times the benefit of the Olympic Dam Expansion.

Full Story.

The Latest

27 July 2021: During Google Cloud Platform’s (GCP) analyst update, the vendor unveiled details regarding its Australian expansion with a new Melbourne data centre and new management for the ANZ region. 

Why it’s Important

The new data centre is more an indication of overall Cloud growth in Australia, as IBRS has reported in the past. It is less a turning point in Google’s strategy, and more of a necessary response to market trends. It should be noted that a large set of GCP services will be available from the Melbourne zone, but not all. Others will be added ‘based on market demands’. This is a strategy that has been adopted by all three hyper-scale Cloud vendors, and is a clear indication of how Cloud usage is expanding in Australia: from core infrastructure services (especially storage, compute, containers and analytics) to more nuanced services, such as AI.

During the briefing, Google highlighted its private ANZ wide data network as a key differentiating factor. There is merit to this claim, as network infrastructure in Australia remains a thorny issue for Cloud clients outside the major States, such as Perth and Darwin, Adelaide, etc.

More telling was what was not elaborated upon during the briefing. In the past, Google has focused on its capabilities in AI as a key differentiator in the market. While Google clearly has strong credentials in AI, the reality is that most Australian organisations are not investing in AI directly, but rather obtaining it as part of other solutions. 

For example, AI is found in capabilities of CRM products Salesforce (Einstein) and Zoho (Zia), in low-code products from Appian and Microsoft’s Power Platform and so on.  

Instead, Google championed its partner program and its support credentials. Google knows channel partners are essential to competing against AWS and Microsoft. It also recognises that skills are in short supply, so is investing in training and support programs. 

In reality, Google’s strongest competitive weapon is an age-old one: value for money. When evaluating like-for-like core compute and storage services, GCP is more economical than its two top rivals.

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • Cloud infrastructure teams

What’s Next?

Most organisations will end up with a multi-Cloud environment, though with a preference for a ‘primary’ platform. Many Cloud migration strategies IBRS reviews are scoped in such a way to limit the choice of deployment to Azure and/or AWS. Given the strengths of these two Clouds, this makes sense. Oracle’s Cloud platform is also appealing to Oracle customers looking for an ‘easy’ migration of their core services. 

Far fewer Australian organisations are formally considering GCP as a viable alternative for running core workloads, or even leveraging it for failover/parallel workloads. This is a lost opportunity. While IBRS is not recommending GCP, it considers that the vendor is under-represented in shortlists and as a result, opportunities for Cloud cost optimisation and contestability in multi-Cloud environments suffer. 

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. IBRSiQ: Google Cloud - Are Their AI Offerings a Point of Difference From Other Vendors?
  2. Vendor Lock-in Using Cloud: Golden Handcuffs or Ball and Chain?
  3. Options for Machine Learning-as-a-Service: The Big Four AIs Battle it Out
  4. How to get on top of Cloud billing
  5. Why Cloud Certified People Are in Hot Demand
  6. VENDORiQ: Data Replication Goes Serverless with Google Datastream

The Latest

2 July 2021: Amazon released a video summary and report on its sustainability targets and performance. The key take outs are that Amazon is the largest corporate purchaser of renewable energy, with a shift of 42% from non-renewable within one year. The underlying message here is sustainability is no longer a political issue for the corporate sector, but a fiscal imperative.  

Why it’s Important

As outlined in previous IBRS research, all of the hyperscale cloud vendors - Google, AWS, Microsoft, Oracle and Alibaba - have well-documented strategies to reduce their reliance on carbon-based fuel sources. All position sustainability as a competitive advantage, not just against each other, but against on-premises data centres. 

It is likely that cloud vendors will be positioning their sustainability credentials in both business and general news channels, looking to position their brand as a leader on climate action. From a cynical view, this messaging will play well with the existing news cycle of the impact of climate change, from the disastrous bushfires to killer heatwaves in North America, to unseasonable storms and record-setting weather events. From a more optimistic perspective, these vendors will drive genuine solutions to reduce the carbon footprint associated with providing computing service.

Therefore, as cloud vendors set or meet zero carbon energy targets, the issue of sustainable ICT is set to re-emerge as a priority for CIOs and data centre architects.  

IBRS and BIAP (via the IT Leaders Summits) have tracked CIOs interest in the topic of green IT. An IBRS study in 2008 had sustainable ICT being rated as ‘very important’ for 25% of CIOs and ‘somewhat important’ for 59% of CIOs. Since then, interest in sustainable computing has plummeted year-on-year. The IBRS / BIAP data for 2016 had 6% of CIOs rating sustainable ICT as a priority. By 2020, less than 0.5% of CIOs rated sustainable ICT as a priority.

IBRS expects this trend to reverse sharply in 2024-2025 as the leading cloud vendors continue to demonstrate both environmental and financial benefits associated with renewable energy.

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • CFO
  • Data centre leads
  • Infrastructure architects

What’s Next?

By 2025 the leading cloud vendors will leverage their position in renewable energy consumption as a selling point for policy-makers to mandate cloud computing and place unattainable goals for architects of on-premises data centres.

Rather than waiting, CIOs should review previous strategies for sustainable ICT, with the expectation that these will need to be updated and reinstated within the next 3-5 years.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. The Status of Green IT in Australian and New Zealand (2008)
  2. Building your Green IT strategy
  3. Think green IT: Think saving money
  4. Forget Green; think sustainable computing in 2009

The Latest

26 May 2021: Google has introduced Datasteam, which the vendor defines as a “change data capture and replication service”. In short, the service allows changes in one data source to be replicated to other data sources in near real time. The service currently connects with Oracle and MySQL databases and a slew of Google Cloud services, including BigQuery, Cloud SQL, Cloud Storage, Spanner, and so forth.

Uses for such a service include: updating a data lake or similar repository with data being added to a production database, keeping disparate databases of different types in sync, consolidating global organisation information back to a central repository.

Datastream is based on Cloud functions - or serverless - architecture. This is significant, as it allows for scale-independent integration.

Why it’s Important

Ingesting data scale into Cloud-based data lakes is a challenge and can be costly. Even simple ingestion where data requires little in the way of transformation can be costly when run through a full ETL service. By leveraging serverless functions, Datastream has the potential to significantly lower the cost and improve performance of bringing large volumes of rapidly changing data into a data lake (or an SQL database which is being used as a pseudo data lake). 

Using serverless to improve the performance and economics of large scale data ingestion is not a new approach. IBRS interviewed the architecture of a major global streaming service in 2017 regarding how they moved from an integration platform to leveraging AWS Kinesis data pipelines and hand-coded serverless functions, and to achieve more or less the same thing that Google Datastream is providing. 

As organisations migrate to Cloud analytics, the ability to rapidly replicate large data sets will grow. Serverless architecture will emerge as an important pattern.

Who’s impacted

  • Analytics architecture leads
  • Integration teams
  • Enterprise architecture teams

What’s Next?

Become familiar with the potential to use serverless / cloud function as a ‘glue’ within your organisation’s Cloud architecture. 

Look for opportunities to leverage serverless when designing your organisations next analytics platform. 

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. Serverless Programming: Should your software development teams be exploring it?
  2. VENDORiQ: Google introduces Database Migration Service

IBRS interviews Dr Kevin McIsaac, a data scientist who frequently works with board-level executives to identify and prototype powerful data-driven decision support solutions.

Dr McIsaac discusses why so may 'big data' efforts fail, the role ICT plays (or rather, should not play) and the business-first data mindset.

The government’s new tax incentives making it easier to depreciate software will help big businesses invest in their own software development but will do “bugger all” for Australian software companies and small and medium businesses, and may even create perverse incentives for large companies to invest in the wrong type of software, industry experts say.

IBRS advisor Joseph Sweeney, who works with numerous large organisations on their technology strategies said the policy was a positive step in recognising the need to increase development of a local digital services economy, but would do little to raise productivity in the small- and medium-sized business market, which accounts for half of Australia’s workforce. Dr Sweeney is midway through conducting a study into national productivity gains from Cloud services, and said the early data showed that introducing Software-as-a-Service solutions to small and mid-sized organisations was the quickest way to get tangible productivity gains.as
 
“By only allowing for offset in assets like CapEx in IT infrastructure and software, this policy has the potential to skew the market back towards on-premises solutions. It will certainly make the ‘total cost of operation’ calculations for moving to the Cloud less attractive,” Dr Sweeney said.
 

The Latest

29 April 2021: Microsoft briefed analysts on its expansion of Azure data centres throughout Asia. By the end of 2021, Microsoft will have multiple availability zones in every market where it has a data centre.

The expansion is driven in part by a need for additional Cloud capacity to meet greenfield growth. Each new availability zone is, in effect, an additional data centre of Cloud services capability.

However, the true focus is on providing existing Azure clients with expanded options for deploying services over multiple zones within a country.  

Microsoft expects to see strong growth in organisations re-architecting solutions that had been deployed to the Cloud through a simple ‘lift and shift’ approach to take advantage of the resilience granted by multiple zones. Of course, there is a corresponding uplift in revenue for Microsoft as more clients take up multiple availability zones.

Why it’s Important

While there is an argument that moving workloads to Cloud services, such as Azure, has the potential to improve service levels and availability, the reality is that Cloud data centres do fail. Both AWS and Microsoft Azure have seen outages in their Sydney Australia data centres. What history shows is organisations that had adopted a multiple availability zone architecture tended to have minimal, if any, operational impact when a Cloud data centre goes down.

It is clear that a multiple availability zone approach is essential for any mission critical application in the Cloud. However, such applications are often geographically bound by compliance or legislative requirements. By adding additional availability zones within countries throughout the region, Microsoft is removing a barrier for migrating critical applications to the Cloud, as well as driving more revenue from existing clients.

Who’s impacted

  • Cloud architecture teams
  • Cloud cost / procurement teams

What’s Next?

Multiple available zone architecture can be considered on the basis of future business resilience in the Cloud. It is not the same thing as ‘a hot disaster recovery site’ and should be viewed as a foundational design consideration for Cloud migrations.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. VENDORiQ: Amazon Lowers Storage Costs… But at What Cost?
  2. Vendor Lock-in Using Cloud: Golden Handcuffs or Ball and Chain?
  3. Running IT-as-a-Service Part 49: The case for hybrid Cloud migration

The Latest

18 March 2021: Zoho is a privately held, Indian, Cloud-based CRM vendor that has grown rapidly internationally. It has just turned 25 years old. While it’s CRM suite is not as sophisticated as that of SalesForce, it is supported by a suite of low-code development tools and marketing-oriented modules for small to mid-sized business.

zoho timeline

Why it’s Important

IBRS has noted that many Australian organisations - in particular the public sector - are only short-listing Salesforce and Dynamics for modern CRM. This is often due to the research into available CRMs being exclusively limited to vendors in leading positions on US-focused market research papers, or advice from consultancies that only refer to such public materials.

To ensure the best suite at the best cost-point is selected, IBRS strongly recommends that the following be considered during the shortlisting process: 

  1.  Be sure to explore niche CRM products, as some of these may have a better fit or specific industry sector focus that can deliver benefits more quickly and at significantly lower costs than the leading products. Just because a solution as complex as a CRM is leading the market, does not mean it is necessarily the best for your organisation.
  2. When reading international reports, keep in mind that North America and Europe have different technology market ecosystems to Australia. In particular, skills availability (and therefore costs) differ. Be sure to factor in local issues.
  3. Carefully consider your starting point. How complex is your software environment? Factor your organisation’s networking infrastructure and the integration requirements both immediate and longer term.
  4. Leverage the channel capabilities and skills of local implementation partners. Implementation partners play a significantly greater role in a CRM’s successful implementation than the product itself. It is therefore vital that buyers not only consider the product in question, but also the available partners. 

The ultimate impact of limiting modern CRM (and related digital services) to the major vendors is that organisations may find themselves paying for far more than they need in a system, while also introducing more complexity into business operations than is necessary. 

IBRS is not suggesting that Zoho (or any of the other niche CRMs from the myriad available) is right for your organisation. Salesforce and Dynamics are exceptional products. However, many organisations do not need exceptional: they simply need more than good enough for their current and future needs, and they need it quickly and at the right cost point.

Who’s Impacted

  • CIO
  • Digital platform leads
  • Procurement teams
  • Business units executives

What’s Next?

Shortlists are critical for keeping procurement agile and within scope. However, do not short-change the shortlisting process by relying on generic reports that do not factor in:

  • specific industry needs
  • the Australian context
  • local channels and skills 

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. Trends for 2021-2026: No New Normal and Preparing For the Fourth-wave of ICT
  2. VENDORiQ: Salesforce Introduces Hyperforce
  3. Salesforce vs Dynamics
  4. CRM Modernisation Part 5: Microsoft Dynamics vs Salesforce Total Cost of Service
  5. IBRSiQ: Can IBRS Review Our Dynamics365 (D365) Licensing Calculations?

 

The Latest

20 March 2021: GorillaStack has released capabilities that allows it to monitor and apply governance rules to any external service that communicates with AWS EventBridge.

Why it’s Important

GorillaStack is one of the earliest vendors to address the complexities of Cloud cost management, having started in Australia in 2015 and moved to having strong growth in the international market. In May 2020, GorillaStack was acquired by the switzerland-based SoftwareOne.

Like its international competitors, GorillaStack moved from helping organisations monitor and optimise their Cloud spend, to monitoring the Cloud ecosystems for performance and security concerns. This recent announcement suggests that the next phase of growth for organisations in the Cloud cost optimisation space is not only to detect events in Cloud infrastructure, but also external services, and then apply rules to perform specific actions on those events. Such rules can not only automatically help reduce Cloud spend by enforcing financial governance directly into the Cloud infrastructure, but also helping to enforce security rules.

Who’s Impacted

  • CIO
  • Development team leads
  • Business analysts

What’s Next?

Cloud cost optimisation is already an important discipline for organisations with mature Cloud teams. Like software asset management (SAM), tools alone will not see organisations optimise their expenditure on Cloud services. An understanding of the disciplines required and setting up appropriate rules is needed. In addition, IBRS notes that many less-mature organisations have a ‘sprawl’ of Cloud services that need to first be identified and then reigned in before cost optimisations products can be fully effective. 

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. New Generation IT Service Management Tools Part 2: Multi-Cloud Management
  2. How to Get on Top of Cloud Billing
  3. Sourcing Monthly April 2020 – May 2020

The Latest

25 February 2021: Microsoft has announced a new industry Microsoft Cloud product suite. In short, Microsoft is pivoting to deliver vertical market Cloud offering for: Financial Services, Manufacturing, Non-profit and Retail on the back of the success with the Microsoft Healthcare Cloud. The primary purpose of these tailored industry solutions is to meet specific needs, breakdown silos and increase collaboration, productivity and efficiency within and across Industries.

Is this new or are we seeing a response to similar Cloud SaaS verticals from Salesforce and Netsuite?

Why it’s Important

Whether it is regulatory compliance or creating efficiencies, Microsoft is the latest to develop industry driven verticals offerings under the Microsoft Cloud banner. Whilst each MS Cloud solution addresses specific industry needs it also makes a concerted effort to take the existing Microsoft software products suites and add new capabilities to M365, Azure, Dynamics 365 and the Microsoft Power Platform. 

This level of investment by Microsoft in Cloud specific solutions should reduce the need for industries to invest heavily in their own solutions and instead adopt a common off the shelf SaaS solution. But will this provide competitive advantage for industries or will it make everything vanilla over time. Microsoft is planning continuous engagement with Industry leaders to ensure constant innovation so the industry Clouds do not become a one size fits all, set and forget approach. 

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • CDO
  • Digital Supply Chain
  • Enterprise Architecture
  • Software Architecture Leads

What’s Next?

Monitor the release of these industry specific Microsoft Cloud solutions in March 2021. As with Microsoft Power Platform products, much of the pricing remains a mystery for these Cloud offerings. By all means get access to release information and hopefully a private preview from March 2021 so you can see if the industry solution really meets your business needs.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. Book at an advisory session to explore how Microsoft’s Strategy impacts your organisation
  2. Pros and Cons of Going All-In With Microsoft
  3. Google Workspace for Education - From Free to Fee
  4. Oracle’s new federal government Cloud capabilities

There is more innovation going on behind the scenes in Australian organisations than they are being given credit for. IBRS advisor, Dr Joseph Sweeney, who specialises in the areas of workforce transformation and the future of work stated, Australian organisations have led the world in the uptake of virtualisation which now has Australia leading in terms of Cloud adoption. 'World-leading Australian innovation was emerging in how Cloud-based services could be used to make internal operations more efficient, which was less glamorous than some of the consumer-facing apps being developed by emerging fintech companies, but equally worthwhile." said Dr Sweeney. 

“One area of innovation IBRS has identified over the last year is a rapid update of low-code platforms to allow less-technical staff to be involved in digitising business processes,” he said. Citizen developers aren't just limiting themselves to e-forms but are using a full range of low code tools and vendors are reporting sales growth of over 30%.

Full story.

The Latest

15 February 2021: IBM has unveiled the new Power Private Cloud (PPC) Rack solution which offers converged infrastructure with a focus on migrating legacy on-premises apps running on its POWER9/AIX systems to a Cloud-like infrastructure.

What’s Included

The PPC is effectively pre-built, pre-configured Cloud-like infrastructure for running containers. 

The PPC Rack consists of three POWER System S922 servers with 20 CPU cores, 256GB of RAM, and 3.2TB of local storage, the FlashSystem 5200, with a minimum of 9.6TB,  and twin SAN24B-6 switches with 24 Fibre Channel ports. The solution is pre-installed with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8, IBM PowerVM Enterprise Edition, IBM Cloud PowerVC Manager, Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform, and Red Hat OpenShift OpenShift Container Storage (OCS).

Why it’s Important

IBM’s new offer is effectively a container-centric, Cloud-like hyperconverged infrastructure (HCI) similar to that offered by HPE, Dell, Lenovo, VMware, and Nutanix. More importantly, IBM is offering this at an easy target - its existing customers with legacy POWER9/AIX/i solutions looking to migrate to a Cloud-like environment with OpenStack.

For IBM clients, it presents a low-risk opportunity for extending the life of legacy applications, while modernising the environment. 

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • Development team leads
  • Business analysts

What’s Next?

Organisations moving legacy solutions into hyperscale Cloud infrastructure (IaaS) to meet the objectives of ‘Cloud first’ strategies have found that the proposed cost savings are not always present, and operational risks due to skills shortages can emerge. The rise of next-generation hyperconverged offering Cloud-like management is a response to this challenge. 

IBM’s new offering shows how this grandfather of the industry, with a massive backlog of legacy solutions, will seek to re-secure its client’s investment in solutions, while smoothing the transition to Cloud-like architectures. 

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. VENDORiQ: Woolworths Selects Dell Technologies Cloud to deploy hybrid Cloud strategy
  2. Running IT-as-a-Service Part 49: The case for hybrid Cloud migration
  3. Running IT-as-a-Service Part 50: Hybrid Cloud migration – Where is the money saving?

The Latest

17 February 2021: Google Apigee announced the release of Apigee X, its latest edition of its API management solution.

Why it’s Important

IBRS has found that the topic of APIs has moved out of the boiler room to the boardroom. During a series of roundtables with CEOs, CFOs and Heads of HR in late 2019, IBRS noted that many of these executives were advocates for ‘API enabled enterprise solutions’. Upon further questioning, these non-technical executives were able to accurately describe the core concepts and purposes of APIs. Much of their knowledge had come from engagements with combined SalesForce / Mulesoft sales teams. During 2020, the demand for rapid digitisation of processes with low-code platforms further raised the profile of API usage.

Expectations for APIs are high. Meeting those expectations demands a structured approach to management of APIs, and the ability to report on their usage. 

Who’s impacted

  • CTO
  • Software development teams

What’s Next?

Consider how the topic of APIs - which many executives see as critical for evolving business functions, or even a building block of digital transform efforts, needs to be communicated within the organisation. Explore how the adoption of low-code platforms both within and tangential to the ICT group will further expand the use of APIs. If not already available, put in place a roadmap for the introduction of API management capabilities, factoring both governance issues and supporting technologies.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. Architectures for Mobilised Enterprise Applications
  2. Running IT-as-a-Service Part 15: Traditional enterprise architecture is irrelevant to digital transformation
  3. IBRSiQ: Can IBRS advise on the pros and cons of best of breed combined EAM/ERP vs fully integrated ERP/EAM?
  4. The impact of Software-as-a-Service on enterprise solutions: Why you must run IT-as-a-Service
  5. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) Part 2: Planning the ERP strategy for modernisation
  6. How to succeed with eforms Part 4: Selection framework
  7. Making the case for enterprise architecture

The Latest

In late January, Google presented a detailed report entitled “Operating the cleanest cloud in the industry” to analysts. The private briefing detailed Google’s current status as a ‘net zero-carbon emitter’ (meaning it offsets any carbon emissions from its current operations with other programs). It also outlined its plans to be running entirely on carbon-free energy by 2030. 

Why it’s Important

All of the hyperscale Cloud vendors - Google, AWS, Microsoft, Oracle and Alibaba - have well-documented strategies to reduce their reliance on carbon-based fuel sources. Their strategies are all similar and simple: reduce energy consumption (with accompanying higher computing density) and development of renewable energy sources as part of data centre planning. Their efforts in this area are not just for environmental reasons, there are significant cost benefits in the immediate term to being free of fossil energy supply chains. All also see competitive advantages, not just against each other, but against on-premises data centres.

As these Cloud vendors announce not only net zero-carbon emission targets as being met, but zero carbon energy targets, the issue of sustainable ICT will once again start to emerge as a serial consideration for CIOs and data centre architects.  

IBRS and BIAP (via the IT Leaders Summits) have tracked CIOs interests in the topic of green IT. An IBRS study in 2008 had sustainable ICT being rated as “very important” for 25% of CIOs and “somewhat important” for 59% of CIOs. Since then, interest in sustainable computing has plummeted year-on-year. The IBRS / BIAP data for 2016 had 6% of CIOs rating sustainable ICT as a priority. By 2020, less than 0.5% of CIOs rated sustainable ICT as a priority.

With the growing call for action on climate change and the economic advantages the hyperscale Cloud vendors will have by moving to carbon-free energy sources, the pressure to provide sustainable ICT metrics will re-emerge.

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • CFO
  • Data centre leads
  • Infrastructure architects

What’s Next?

CIOs and infrastructure leads for organisations running on-premises services / data centres should expect a swing back to discussions of sustainability. However, unlike the 2000’s, the benchmarks for sustainability will be set by the hyperscale Cloud providers. By 2025, all Cloud vendors will start using their leadership in sustainable ICT as a selling point for policy-makers to mandate Cloud computing, or possibly even place unattainable goals for architects of on-premises data centres.

Rather than waiting, CIOs should review previous strategies for sustainable ICT, with the expectation that these will need to be updated and reinstated within the next 3-5 years.

Related IBRS Advisory

  1. The Status of Green IT in Australian and New Zealand (2008)
  2. Building your Green IT strategy
  3. Think green IT: Think saving money
  4. Forget Green; think sustainable computing in 2009

The Latest

10 February 2021: Competition for highly secure hyperscale Cloud capabilities for government services has been boosted with Oracle joining forces with Australian Data Centres (ADC) to provide Canberra-based services. Oracle now has three Australian regions for managed Cloud, with Sydney and Melbourne.

Why it’s Important

Oracle’s Cloud service is highly attractive for organisations looking for a simpler Cloud transformation journey for critical, Oracle-based solutions.

Last year, Oracle’s SaaS solutions in the areas of security, human services, and health were certified as offering PROTECTED data capabilities. ADC has a strong presence in the Australia government, already running sensitive workloads and being connected to the secure Intra-Government Communications Network (ICON). By leveraging ADC’s footprint in Canberra, Oracle is now able to meet the second part of the trust equation: the physical safety of the environment.

Who’s impacted

  • CIO
  • Cloud migration teams

What’s Next?

Oracle now joins Microsoft in offering a specialised, highly secure Cloud capability for government agencies in Canberra. Agencies looking to quickly adopt a Cloud first strategy now have clear Microsoft and Oracle trajectories that include a physical presence, while AWS approaches the PROTECTED Cloud stance solely through a service-by-service model. When considering Cloud migration, agencies should review the extent of Oracle in their ICT architecture and factor this into the Cloud platform (or platforms) to be selected. 

Related IBRS Advisory

The Latest

16 February 2021: Veeam continues to expand its footprint across the hyperscale Cloud vendors with the introduction of Veeam Backup for Google Cloud Platform. This follows its December 2020 announcement when Veeam announced the general availability of AWS v3 Backup and Azure v4 Backup. As a result, Veeam now provides backup and recover capabilities across - and just as importantly between - the three major hyperscale Cloud vendors. 

Why it’s Important

During a briefing with IBRS, Veeam detailed its strong growth in the Asia Pacific region. It also discussed its strategy for providing backup and recovery capabilities over the major hyperscale Cloud services: Azure, AWS and Google. The demand for Cloud backup and recovery is growing with greater recognition organisations adopting hybrid Cloud (the most likely future state for many organisations) demands more consistent and consolidated approaches to management - including backup and migration of data between Clouds. VMWare is seeing growth in its hybrid Cloud management capabilities as well, and the synergy between Veeam and VMWare productions is no coincidence.  

Who’s Impacted

  • Cloud architects
  • Business continuity teams

What’s Next?

Backing up Cloud resources appears to be a simple process. Taken on as service-by-service, this might be true. However, in reality the backup becomes increasingly challenging. As more and more applications are made up of a myriad of components, this leads to a rapidly evolving ecosystem of solutions. Hence, data recovery and restoration are also getting more complex. This is further exacerbated by the growing adoption of hybrid Cloud. 

Organisations need to explore backup and recovery based on not only current state Cloud architecture, but possible migration between Cloud services and where different integrated applications reside on different Cloud platforms.

Related IBRS Advisory

Conclusion: To improve call centre resources scheduling, some organisations have implemented software agents to either improve users’ experience and/or reach the right expert at the right time. However, self-service success depends on the quality of information available to the software agent and its analytical ability to provide reliable recommendations. Any deficiency in these resources will leave the software agent with no alternative but to call the live agents, thereby making the investment in agent technology questionable. Organisations should assess the software agent maturity and determine which level should be reached to fulfil the business imperatives. This note provides a self-assessing approach to address software agent shortcomings.

The Latest

2 December 2020: Salesforce introduces Hyperforce. This move is a re-architecture of Salesforce’s design to continually support its global customer base. It has B2B and B2C performance scalability, built-in security, local data storage, and backward compatibility.  

Hyperforce allows Salesforce solutions to be run on a hyper scale Cloud service based on the client’s choice. These solutions include:

  • Sales Cloud
  • Service Cloud
  • Community Cloud
  • Chatter
  • Lightning Platform (including Force.com)
  • Site.com, Database.com
  • Einstein Analytics (including Einstein Discovery)
  • Messaging
  • Financial Services Cloud
  • Health Cloud, Sustainability Cloud
  • Consumer Goods Cloud
  • Manufacturing Cloud
  • Service Cloud Voice
  • Salesforce CPQ and Salesforce Billing
  • Customer 360 Audiences

Why it’s Important

Being able to move a SaaS solution to the Cloud based on client's preference, is a radical departure from convention for most major SaaS vendors. It is likely to be followed by other SaaS solution vendors, though Oracle’s close ties with Netsuite and Microsoft Dynamics with Azure, suggest Salesforce’s two main rivals will not be following this strategy any time soon.

This is a long-overdue overhaul for the entire Salesforce architecture as it needs to offer both architectural and commercial elasticity to aid customer’s global digital transformation.

It solves data sovereignty issues and provides all the advantages of using public Cloud resources. It also reduces implementation time despite being an enhanced architecture designed from the ground up to help customers deliver workloads to the public Cloud of choice.

Who’s Impacted

  • CIOs
  • CTOs
  • CRM leaders
  • Salesforce developers

What’s Next?

While the Hyperforce announcement is welcoming, there are still loopholes in the horizon. The solution is not available for on-prem implementations of the major Cloud vendors. Meaning, Hyperforce is not a path to an on-prem or hybrid Cloud solution.

For Australian organisations that aim to gain more control over how Salesforce stores information, either for compliance or cost control, to bring it closer to other Cloud services, Hyperforce is worth considering. It offers greater flexibility but also comes with a greater need for managing resources and costs. 

Before making any decision on moving to Hyperforce, Salesforce clients should have clear understanding of the following migration aspects:

  • Who will do the migration (i.e. the client or Salesforce)?
  • Who will deal with the public IaaS provider on a daily basis?
  • How will the current service cost be impacted?
  • Who will be responsible for the service management of public IaaS including the service desk?
  • What are the new risks that should be identified and mitigated?
  • Are there any changes to the current backup arrangements?
  • Are there any changes to the disaster recovery and business continuity arrangements?
  • How will the current change management arrangements change?
  • How the exit fees might change?

Related IBRS Advisory

The Latest

8 Dec 2020: AWS has announced plans to open a second region in Australia in the second half of 2022. This venture will consist of three availability zones supporting hundreds of thousands of AWS customers. This promotes lower latency, enhanced fault tolerance, and resiliency for critical Cloud workloads. 

Why it’s Important

This is not a competitive response to Microsoft Azure, which already has several data centres across Australia. Instead, it is the result of Amazon's continuing growth in the market. AWS needs to build significant additional domestic capacity to meet expected demand up to 2025. Hence, doing so in a new location provides AWS an additional benefit with on-shore multi-zone resilience. 

A new AWS region in Melbourne will also fuel different organisation innovative efforts. Government, private organisations, and the education sector will continue to transform their research and development endeavours that aim to protect, prioritise and benefit people across the country.

Who’s Impacted

  • Cloud architects
  • Cloud engineers

What’s Next?

In practical terms, this move has little direct impact on most organisations’ Cloud strategies. However, it does provide an additional option for resilience for organisations that need to keep all data on-shore. 

Related IBRS Advisory

The Latest

8 Dec 2020: Veeam announced the general availability of AWS v3 Backup. This is a timely endeavour with the continuous growth of multi-faceted Cloud apps built in AWS that necessitates backup and disaster recovery solutions.

Veeam offers automated backup and disaster recovery solutions that provide additional protection and management capabilities for Amazon EC2 and Amazon RDS. There are two options to consider:

  • Veeam Backup for AWS - protects data housed on AWS using its standalone AWS backup and recovery solution.
  • Veeam Backup & Replication™ - safeguards and consolidates AWS backup and recovery with another Cloud, virtual or physical, across different Cloud platforms with unlimited data portability. 

Why it’s Important

Cloud backups are no longer an option. Competition now requires additional redundancy and security for businesses. This ensures that their important data is available and retrievable if and when disasters strike.

Backing up Cloud resources appears to be a simple process. Taken on as service-by-service, this might be true. However, in reality the backup becomes increasingly challenging. As more and more applications are made up of a myriad of components, this leads to a rapidly evolving ecosystem of solutions. Hence, data recovery and restoration are also getting more complex.

Who’s Impacted

  • Cloud architects
  • Business continuity teams

What’s Next?

Tech management should explore which Cloud services, both IaaS and SaaS, need to be backed up. Establish strategies and choose the appropriate interplay between these services. For a growing Cloud usage or a forecast usage growth, evaluate how the services can be backed up reliably. This is possible through knowing beforehand the important parts that may be reconstructed into a recovered state if needed. 

Related IBRS Advisory

The Latest

10 Nov 2020: CyberArk launches an AI-based Cloud entitlements manager. The solution combines principles of ‘least privilege’ and ‘zero trust’ to reduce risks of poorly configured access privileges for the major hyperscale Cloud platforms. CyberArk uses AI to determine the context and intent, which in turn provides risk assessment and recommendations for appropriate actions, and automation of remediation. 

Why it’s Important

Poorly configured privileges to Cloud solutions - in particular storage services - is a major cause of data breach. It is a significant risk for all organisations that leverage Cloud resources. Reviewing and maintaining privileges over resources is problematic, even with high levels of automation, because automation will only impact known entities in the environment, and can only address well-defined use cases. 

Who’s Impacted

  • CISO
  • Cloud Teams

What’s Next?

The use of Machine Learning algorithms to interrogate Cloud services and identify and remediate risks is a welcome addition to Cloud security management. While the efficacy of the CyberArk solution is not yet known, IBRS anticipates that this approach will be beneficial and at least provide an additional ‘check’ over sprawling Cloud environments.

Related IBRS Advisory

The Latest

2 December 2020: Salesforce Einstein is being extended into the Mulesoft automation and data integration platform. The newly announced Flow Orchestrator enabled non-technical staff to transform complex processes into industry-relevant events. The new AI-assisted MuleSoft Composer for Salesforce will allow an organisation to integrate data from multiple systems, including third-party solutions.

Why it’s Important

AI enables business process automation as a key technology enabler that favours organisations with a Cloud-first architecture. Salesforce will leverage its experience and connections with selling to organisation’s non-IT executives to secure a strong ‘brand leadership’ position in this space.

Who’s Impacted

  • CIOs
  • CTOs
  • CRM Leaders

What’s Next?

In mid-2019, IBRS noted a significant upswing in interest in Mulesoft and integration technologies more broadly from the non-ICT board-level executives. In particular, COOs and CFOs expressed strong interest in, and awareness of, process automation through APIs.  

Digging deeper, IBRS finds that Salesforce account teams, who are well-known for bypassing the CIO and targeting senior executive stakeholders, are also bringing Mulesoft into the business conversation. Also, Microsoft is expected to double-down on AI-enabled business process automation with the PowerPlatform. 

As a result, the addition of Salesforce Einstein AI into the discussion of automation and integration is expected to land very well with COOs and CFOs. 

CIOs need to be ready to have sophisticated discussions with these two roles regarding the potential for AI in process automation. Expectations will be high. Understanding the possible challenges of implementing such a system takes careful consideration. CIOs should be ready to build a business case for AI-enabled business process automation.

Related IBRS Advisory

The Latest

19 Nov 2020: During its annual summit, Snowflake announces a series of new capabilities: a development environment called Snowpark, support for unstructured media, row-level security for improved data governance and a data market.

Why it’s Important

Of Snowflake’s recent announcements, Snowpark clearly reveals the vendor’s strategy to leverage its Cloud analytics platform to enable the development of data-intensive applications. Snowpark allows developers to write applications in their preferred languages to access information in the Snowflake data platform.

This represents an inversion of how business intelligence / analytics teams have traditionally viewed the role of a data warehouse. The rise of data warehouses was driven by limitations in computing performance: heavy analytical workloads were shifted to a dedicated platform so that application performance would not be impacted by limits of database, storage and compute power. With Cloud-native data platform architectures that remove these limitations, it is now possible to leverage the data warehouse (or at least, the analogue of what the data warehouse has become) to service applications.

Who’s Impacted

Development teams
Business intelligence / analytics architects

What’s Next?

Snowflake's strategy is evidence of a seismic shift in data analytics architecture. Along with Domo, AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google and other Cloud-based data platforms that take advantage of highly scalable, federated architectures, Snowflake is empowering a flip in how data can be leveraged. To take advantage of this flip, organisations should rethink the structure and roles within BI / analytics teams. IBRS has noted that many organisations continue to invest heavily in building their BI / analytics architecture with individual best-of-breed solutions (storage, databases, warehouse, analytics tools, etc), while placing less focus on the data scientists and business domain experts. With access to elastic Cloud platforms, organisations can reverse this focus - putting the business specialists and data scientists in the lead. 

Related IBRS Advisory
Workforce transformation: The four operating models of business intelligence
Key lessons from the executive roundtable on data, analytics and business value

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13 Nov 2020: Google Cloud announced preview availability of a serverless Database Migration Service (DMS), which enables clients to migrate MySQL, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server databases to Cloud SQL from on-premises environments or other clouds. 

Why it's Important 

Refactoring applications to take advantage of Cloud-native databases is one of the fastest cost-optimisation opportunities for organisations migrating to Cloud services. Cloud-native databases offer cost-efficiencies in both technical terms (e.g. storage costs) and operational savings (e.g. auto-tuning and scaling). However, the cost of migrating can be a sticking point in the development of business cases, especially where specialised outside help is required. 

Google DMS addresses the above by simplifying and reducing the cost of database migration. It eliminates the need to provision migration-specific compute resources.

Azure and AWS have their own database migration approaches, and even though Google’s solution is in its infancy, it has a solid road map.

Who’s Impacted

Organisations with Adobe Marketing Cloud and related investments, and Workfront customers.

  • Enterprise Architects
  • Cloud Migration / Strategic leads

What’s Next

Organisations with Cloud migration strategies should be comparing how to not only optimise the cost of running Cloud databases, but also the cost and agility of migration. This consideration should not rest upon one use case, but assume that an increasing number of databases will be migrated over time, both from on-premise and from other Cloud providers.  

Close ‘like-for-like’ calculations suggest that Google’s MySQL database services are lower than that of both Azure and AWS, though direction comparisons are difficult given the number of possible configurations. Therefore, while Google is not a major Cloud player in the ANZ region (compared to AWS and Azure) it can be considered as an option for cost-optimisation in a multi-Cloud setting.

Related IBRS Advisory

Organisations that are resisting the shift to Cloud computing are often basing their decisions on common misconceptions around security, price and integration.

That’s a key finding in a recent report conducted by IBRS, The State of Enterprise Software Report 2019.

The Security Myth

Many of the organisations surveyed declared security as the primary reason for not moving to Cloud services.

Concern over the security of systems — and, critically, of the data they hold — was common in the early days of Cloud computing and it seems at least some of that legacy remains. But it’s a myth.

Dr Joe Sweeney, author of the report said cloud service providers exceed most organisations’ budget and capacity to manage complex cyber security risks.

That’s certainly the view of the Commonwealth Government, which is moving to Cloud-delivered enterprise solutions aggressively.

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In this interview, Dr Wissam Raffoul outlines a practical and effective approach to migrating to an As-a-Service model. 

Sydney-based IT analysis firm IBRS has launched maturity assessment and methodology tools to assist organisations with the task of SaaS migration.

In order to improve business performance, or reduce the cost of doing business, forward-thinking IT organisations are trying to run IT as a service (ITaaS), said Dr Wissam Raffoul from IBRS.

“There are many challenges; for example, long software implementation time lines, fragmented delivery processes, as well as insufficient skilled resources to meet business demands,” said Dr Raffoul.

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